Dimitris Avramopoulos, the European Commissioner for migration, said some countries have failed to relocate a single person “in breach of their obligations” as legal action is considered.
“Relocation is vital to the success of our migration and asylum policies based on solidarity and responsibility,” he told the European Parliament on Tuesday.
“This is why it is so essential that relocation works in all its aspects, and is implemented by everyone.
“For this, one element remains critical for the success of the scheme: the political will and the mutual cooperation and trust between member states.”
Mr Avramopoulos argued that the scheme benefits the entire EU and “integrity” of the Schengen area, calling for fresh efforts to move all eligible asylum seekers.
“This cannot be the responsibility of just a few member states – this must be shared be all,” he added.
“It cannot be that while the majority of member states are making real efforts in a real European spirit, others continue to show no solidarity.”
While more than 18,400 migrants have so far been taken from overwhelmed camps, 12,500 people in Greece and 4,000 in Italy remain stranded despite being found eligible for transfer under UN guidelines.
In September 2015, EU states committed to relocating up to 160,000 refugees from the two countries within two years, later revising the figure down to 98,000 after finding that fewer people than expected were eligible.
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